By definition, hair porosity refers to absorbing and retaining moisture. Hair has cuticles (scales) to protect it. The cuticles are more or less open. They are what determine the porosity of the hair. The hair fiber is naturally porous. There are three different types of porosity which are:
the cuticles are too closed. They do not allow hydration to pass through. The hair fiber does not absorb treatments.
the hair fiber is smooth and healthy; cuticles are closed while allowing hydration to pass through. The hydration is absorbed and is properly maintained in the hair!
the cuticles are too open, which means they let the hydration through but let it go again immediately! Porous hair is more fragile because the cuticles do not protect it.
What influences hair porosity?
The only effective way to know if your hair is porous or not is by observation. Indeed, it is by being attentive to the reactions of your curly hair that you will be able to determine the porosity of your curls!
The type of hair influences its porosity. Textured hair (frizzy, curly, and wavy) does not grow straight like smooth hair. As a result, the cuticles are more open where the hair curls!
It is quite possible to have different porosities on a single hair. In the same way, it is possible to have several hair types!
Factors that you can control
Your hair will be more porous if it has undergone: chemical treatments, dye/colors, smoothing/straightening, frequently use of heat (hairdryer, straightener, curling iron etc.), bad eating habits, rough brushing and if, for example, you sleep without protecting them (which promotes friction)
Factors you can’t control
Finally, the last elements that have an impact on hair porosity is your hair type and texure!
hair density (the number of hairs): the higher the density, the more difficult it is to wet your hair.
The diameter of the hair: the thicker the hair, the more water it will retain.
The length of the hair: the longer the hair, the longer it will take to dry.
How to know If my hair porous
Let’s look at the factors that say if you have porous or low porous hair.
Low porosity (low porous hair)
They take a long time to get wet.
The drying time is long.
They are quickly weighed down and quickly become sticky.
How to take care of low porous hair
During your hair routine, wet your hair with warm/hot water as the heat will help open the scales of your hair. Place your conditioner and mask under a care cap, a hot towel, or a heating cap.
Do not miss the hair detox to purify your curly hair. Clarification opens the cuticles and frees them from residues that saturate them such as products, dust, pollution, etc.
Limit protein treatments so as not to saturate your hair fiber. Opt for a light routine so as not to overload your curls!
Opt for a light vegetable oil such as Organic Jojoba Oil, Organic Hemp Oil, or Centifolia’s Golden Nectar Sublimating Dry Oil to seal in hydration!
High porosity (porous hair)
They quickly become dry and rough.
Your curly hair tangles quickly.
They swell a lot when the weather is wet.
How to take care of porous hair
If your curly hair has high porosity, taking care of it is essential. In particular, by stopping attacks such as chemical bleaching/coloring, smoothing, and using heat (plates, hairdryer, too hot water, etc.) if you do!
Cut your ends if they are damaged! Indeed, taking care of your hair also involves cutting those damaged to give peps to all the hair.
Avoid getting your hair wet daily! Avoid heat sources: hot water, hot air diffuser (prefer cold air), Take care of your curly hair by doing hair care! Moisturizing treatments, oil baths, protein masks; find all our recipes here!
Also, adopt powder treatments, real treasures to take care of your curly hair! Prefer lukewarm water to wet them and cold water to rinse them. Coldwater will close the cuticles of the hair fiber. Plus, incorporate acid rinsing into your hair routine for even more benefits!
Seal in moisture with a carrier oil like Centifolia’s Organic Avocado Oil or Organic Argan Oil for soft, shiny, silky lengths!